Israel-Hamas war: what the Egyptian plan for a ceasefire in Gaza contains

  A Hamas delegation arrived in the Egyptian capital this Friday, December 29, to discuss a proposed ceasefire in Gaza.
JACK GUEZ / AFP A Hamas delegation arrived in the Egyptian capital this Friday, December 29, to discuss a proposed ceasefire in Gaza.

JACK GUEZ / AFP

A Hamas delegation arrived in the Egyptian capital this Friday, December 29, to discuss a proposed ceasefire in Gaza.

INTERNATIONAL – Glimmer of hope in? A Hamas delegation arrived in the Egyptian capital this Friday, December 29, to discuss a ceasefire project, or even a resumption of the release of hostages held by the terrorist organization in .

With three stages, the plan proposed by Egypt provides in particular for renewable truces, as well as exchanges of Israeli hostages and. HuffPost explains everything you need to know about this initiative and the current negotiations.

Three successive stages

First, in this plan developed in part with Qatar, Egypt proposes a pause in fighting of at least two weeks, indicates , which specifies that this truce could be extended. During this lull, the Egyptian government wants a staggered release of dozens of hostages held by Hamas in exchange for Palestinian prisoners incarcerated by Israel.

Second stage, the establishment of a Palestinian government of technocrats following a dialogue involving “all Palestinian factions”. This government will be responsible for governing and rebuilding the Gaza Strip after the war.

The third and final step follows from the previous ones: Egyptian mediators call for a global ceasefire. But a more lasting peace is conditional on the release of all Israeli hostages still in the hands of Hamas and the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip, recalls The Times of Israel.

The imminent response of the “Palestinian factions”

In Cairo, the Hamas delegation will transmit to Egyptian mediators “the response of the Palestinian factions”. She “includes several observations” bearing in particular “ on the modalities of the planned exchanges and the number of Palestinian prisoners who will be released, and on obtaining guarantees for a total Israeli military withdrawal from the Gaza Strip”told AFP an official of the Islamist movement who requested anonymity.

“We are in contact (with the Egyptian mediators)”, declared Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Thursday. “ We are working to bring them all back”he said during a meeting in Tel Aviv with relatives of hostages.

Despite the slim hope that the Egyptian plan could lead to a long peace process, Israeli forces increased strikes in the Gaza Strip on Friday, particularly on Rafah in the South. The latest report from the Hamas health ministry shows more than 21,000 Gazan deaths.

South Africa accuses Israel of ‘acts of genocide’

While strikes affect civilians and humanitarian organizations struggle to meet the needs of the Palestinian population, criticism from the international community begins to rain down on Israel.

Before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), South Africa notably accused the Hebrew State of engaging in “acts of genocide against the Palestinian people in Gaza”the court, the main judicial body of the United Nations, announced on Friday.

In its Application, South Africa asserts that the “acts and omissions of Israel are of a genocidal character, because they are accompanied by the required specific intent (…) to destroy the Palestinians of Gaza as part of the larger national, racial and ethnic group of Palestinians”the ICJ, based in The Hague, said in a statement.

The spokesperson for the Israeli ministry, Lior Haiat, responded sharply on X (formerly Twitter) this Friday evening: “Israel rejects with disgust the defamation (…) propagated by South Africa and its appeal to the International Court of Justice”.

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