Agriculture is the first field to adopt technological innovations, and is the key to success for efficient business development, says Andreea Paul, president of the INACO Association, during a press conference of the Romanian Farmers’ Club for the launch of the Managerial Improvement Program “Entrepreneur in Agriculture 4.0” series III.
Agriculture is the first to adopt technological innovations Photo: Pixabay
According to the president of the INACO Association and economist Andreea Paul, all agricultural sectors can become much more productive and have the ability to enter a competitive market if they apply technological measures to the production processes. One of these sectors is animal husbandry, which “cannot be productive without technology: drones, smart tractors and so on”she says.
Furthermore, the economist claims that the future of humanity and agriculture lies in biotechnology, and more than 80% of the future of agriculture lies in biotechnology and genetics.
Laszlo Beczek also added to the idea of development from a technological point of view, saying that agriculture can only develop without the use of pesticides, and through the digitization of farms.
Biodiversity, an important point in the future of Romanian agriculture
Daniel Botănoiu, state co-leader in the Chancellery of the Prime Minister of Agriculture claims that in our country, biodiversity is a very important point, and we have a more developed level compared to the member states of the European Union.
“Biodiversity exists in Romania. From 700 grams of pesticide used in Romania, to about 9 kilograms, as much as is used in neighboring states, I say it is eco. Good agricultural practices are respected“, says Botănoiu.
However, another important point for the development of agricultural businesses, a field that in the past assimilated approximately 80% of the country’s investments, is the payment of workers. According to Botănoiu, in 2007 farmers were paid a third of what was paid at that time in any other industry, and in 2017 an employee in this industry was remunerated with only 50% of the amount that other employees in other industries generally received domains.
Thus, he says that “it is important to increase the position of the farmer in the value chain. We can only overcome the obstacles through agricultural investments. Romania has taken sufficient steps in the agro-food industry, and now it is important to move towards animal husbandry“.
Development comes from animal husbandry and the food industry
“I believe that Romania has taken sufficient steps in terms of the vegetable sector. Now, the important thing is to go to ANIMAL and the food industry, because we export 12 million tons of raw material, under normal conditions, we import 5 million tons and we have a deficit of 6 billion euros, which means that we export wheat and import biscuits. This can only be achieved if there are public policies. Sure, strategies, laws, visions, you will see them everywhere. I think the ministries are full of such things. But a public policy assumed by all political decision-makers means continuity. If the Government has changed, you don’t start making bicycles instead of irrigation and you don’t start making food industry when vegetables or animal husbandry have been abandoned. They must be prioritized and continued, so that you can reach the end with these objectives”mentioned Daniel Botănoiu.
According to him, another important thing is related to competitiveness, which is why the mentality should be changed, so that “we look more at the market, what it demands, because at the present time, and in general, the buyer is the master of business our”.
“You can’t produce if you have nowhere to sell, you can’t produce, keep in stock. I think we need to do a wider diversification and I’ll give you my example. I, with a vegetable farm, switched to vegetables. Sometimes it’s good, sometimes it’s bad, but I tried to diversify because the vegetable would not always have brought me enough resources, so that I could continue to invest. I was saying that it is important to see these things done, because they are practically related to our competitiveness, related to our way of creating and maintaining jobs in the countryside, maintaining the landscape, biodiversity“, Botănoiu added.
At the same time, he considers that “it is important to have this goal achieved, that of generational change, because a village cannot survive without young people in it. That they will be installed or are already installed and must be supported, it is important to have this objective“.
“We export wheat and import biscuits”
Forin Ciolacu, the Executive Director of the Romanian Farmers’ Club claims that at the moment Romania is extremely weak in terms of developments in agriculture and energy, compared to the member states of the European Union.
In addition, this is also accentuated by the quantities of products that are imported and exported from the country annually. According to Botănoiu, Romania currently exports a much too small amount compared to what it imports.
When it comes to cereals and agri-food products made from cereals, “Romania exports about 2 million tons and import 5 million tons, so basically we export wheat and import biscuits”says the state conciliator.