The text must be approved by 705 MEPs before next year’s European elections.
Negotiators from the member states of the European Union (EU) and the European Parliament (EP) agreed on Friday (December 8) on the world’s first comprehensive rules governing artificial intelligence. AFP and AP agencies informed.
“This is a historic moment! With the political agreement concluded today on the law on artificial intelligence, Europe becomes the first continent to establish clear rules for the use of artificial intelligence,” said European Commissioner for the Internal Market Thierry Breton after 36 hours of negotiations.
Negotiators from the European Parliament and the Union’s 27 member states overcame major differences on controversial points, including generative artificial intelligence (AI) and facial recognition for police surveillance, to sign a preliminary political agreement on an artificial intelligence law.
EU officials have provided only modest details about what exactly will make it into the final form of the law, which will enter into force in 2025 at the earliest.
They were under pressure to secure a political victory for the flagship legislation, but were expected to leave the door ajar for further talks to work out the details, likely to bring more behind-the-scenes lobbying.
The EU took the lead in the global race to regulate artificial intelligence when it unveiled its first draft rules in 2021. However, the recent boom in generative artificial intelligence has prompted European officials to update the proposal so that it can serve as a blueprint for the entire world.
Generative AI systems, such as OpenAI’s ChatGPT, have gained worldwide attention and dazzle users with their ability to create text, photos, and songs that appear to be created by humans.
Technology poses risks
But they raise concerns about the risks that rapidly developing technology poses to jobs, privacy and copyright protection, and even human life itself.
After the final version of the EU law on artificial intelligence is drawn up, the text must be approved by 705 MEPs before next year’s EP elections. However, this vote is expected to be a mere formality.